How does Enhanced Performance Training® work?
Everything you do is regulated by or influenced by your brain, your mind, your nervous system and your cardiorespiratory system.
Body: biofeedback uses the body's inherent drive to heal itself, to grow and to adapt to reduce stress, increase resilience, improve your nervous system and help your heart, lungs and brain work together efficiently.
Brain: neurofeedback uses the brain's drive for novelty and challenge to improve attention, focus, memory, mood, reaction time and over-all function.
Several assessments along with your personal goals determine your individualized training strategy. Computer games or activities are then used to reward neurons as they fire together and make the connections associated with healthy brain functions in the specific area of the brain being trained.
What specifically occurs during an assessment and during training?
Initial Phone Call: (30 minutes) you let me know what you want to accomplish and I answer any questions you may have specific to your interests. A pre-training assessment will be scheduled.
Pre-Training Assessment: (2 hours) Based on your interests (business, academic or personal) a series of assessments will be scheduled which may or may not include:
- Pencil and Paper Assessments
- Test of Variables of Attention (TOVA)
- Peripheral Biofeedback Stress Test
- New Quantitative Electroencephalography (New Q)
- Quantitative Electroencephalography (qEEG)
- Heart Rate Variability Assessment
- Upper Trapezius Assessment
Post-Assessment Follow-up Session: (1-1.5 hours) the assessment findings are discussed and paired with your goals. The first training session occurs.
EPT Training Sessions On-Site: (1.5 hour each) the training sessions will be based on your specific needs. They occur over 2 to 6 months, 1 to 2 times per week. Off-sight: home trainers are available for rent (the rental price going toward eventual purchase, if desired). Rental price depends on the home-trainer.
Post-Training Assessment: throughout the training process your progress will be monitored, assessed and graphed to evaluate the effectiveness of your training, make on-going changes to your program as your body and brain change and track all your responses to the training. A post-assessment highlights your progress.
Many people want to continue with their training. Options include continued training based on the post-assessment findings in which your training protocol will be modified and new goals set or you may choose to transition to remote training with on-going supervision.
How will I know if I am making progress?
Altering the way your body and brain function is a learned process and learning takes time.
Recall the first time you played a sport. There was that initial period of awkwardness and inexperience. Each time you practiced you learned more and little by little you became more experienced until one day you realized you were skilled at your sport.
The same process occurs in Enhanced Performance Training®.
Body: you may or may not notice any changes initially as your body increases its metabolism, blood flow, muscle memory and autonomic responses to training.
Brain: similarly, as your brain function improves (learning a task) brain blood flow and oxygen patterns increase, new neural connections are made, neurons fire together more effectively and memory traces lay down pathways that support new behaviors or habits.
The idiom, "practice makes perfect" holds true, repetition is the only real way to learn a new skill.
As each of these changes occur they are initially subtle but over time these changes can be graphed to show your step-by-step progress. Pre- and post-assessment measures will show how far you have come.
Watch the videos below: the 1st video shows you an actual brain firing as it performs a task; the 2nd video shows you how neurons fires as new behaviors develop and the 3rd video shows you how neurofeedback harnesses the brains innate ability to learn new behaviors.
Glass brain Flythrough 2015 (1:24) neuroscapelab: Neuroscape, copyright UCSF. This video includes "an individual's brain structure, both tissue and fiber tract architecture, obtained from high-resolution MRI-DTI brain scans. Real-time brain activity and functional interactions among networks are superimposed on the brain structure using high-density EEG. Glass Brain images/videos are not available for commercial use or distribution." Team: Adam Gazzaley, Roger Anguera, David Ziegler, Tim Mullen, Christian Kothe, Oleg Konings, John Fesenko
How the Brain Works (9:05) Ms Thinkology, Nov. 28, 2012
How Neurofeedback Works (2:25) Laurence Hirshberg Neuroplasticity explained.
Do the effects of bio- and neurofeedback last?
Yes, the effects of biofeedback and neurofeedback training lasts.
When you first learn to ride a bicycle your balance shifts right and left as you fine tune how to balance. Once you've learned, you no longer need to focus on balance, it happens automatically.
It is similar to the processes undertaken when doing Enhanced Performance Training®. It takes time to learn the skills that will take you beyond your present level of functioning (about 20 sessions depending on what you are learning) but once you master these skills they stay with you.
Most people notice a real difference around the 11th to 15th session. Research suggests that for one to three percent of the population a booster session will be needed.
Are there any adverse effects with neurofeedback training?
Though rare, side effects sometimes occur because neurofeedback exercises the brain. Even though the brain weighs about 2% of your body weight, it uses 20% of the body's energy resources. So occasionally someone may feel fatigued, spacey, or anxious; experience a mild headache; have difficulty falling asleep; or feel agitated or irritable.
The good news is your trainer will be able to minimize side effects by closely monitoring you during neurofeedback training. Your trainer can make minor real-time adjustments to the protocol based on your verbal feedback during the training.
Occasionally you may experience side effects after you return home. If you do experience side effects, it is because you are utilizing more brain power which increases your brain's metabolism. To help ensure you leave your sessions feeling recharged, you will be treated to water and a health bar after each training to replenish your brain. Please let your trainer know if you have dietary restrictions.
If adverse sensations do occur, they pass within a short time after the training session.
Remember, one day of training provides a piece of the groundwork for change. The accumulation of weekly training sessions leads to the tipping point that produces the actual change.
Is there research backing up biofeedback and neurofeedback training?
Yes, copious scientific data, clinical trials and efficacy studies for specific conditions have found Biofeedback, Neurofeedback, qEEG, Audio Visual Entrainment and Heart Rate Variability training to be efficacious. The field is about 50 years old in its present form. Research is on-going as researchers find new ways to apply these tools.
Peer-reviewed articles of current research are listed below. Additional research and videos can be found under each tab.
For more studies visit the Association of Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, www.aapb.org; the International Society for Neurofeedback and Research, www.isnr.org; HeartMath, www.heartmath.com; and Mind Alive, www.mindalive.com. Additionally, visit www.aboutneurofeedback.com, https://qeegsupport.com and www.brainsinternational.com independent websites dedicated to providing unbiased information on neurofeedback.
- A Theory of Alpha-Theta Neurofeedback-Creative Perform-Enhancement-Long Distance Functional Connectivity and Psychological Integration
- EEG Biofeedback of Low Beta Band Components: Frequency-specific Effects on Variables of Attention and Event-Related Brain Potentials
- Learned Self-Regulation of EEG Frequency Components Affects Attention and Event-Related Brain Potentials in Humans
- The Effect of Training Distinct Neurofeedback Protocols on Aspects of Cognitive Performance
- The Effects of Alpha-Theta Neurofeedback on Personality and Mood
- Validating the Efficacy of Neurofeedback for Optimizing Performance
Who benefits from biofeedback and neurofeedback in non-clinical healthy populations?
- Elite business or performing professionals in any profession who want to:
- Maximize their high-level skills
- Improve relative weaknesses so as to "polish" their abilities
- Quiet a "busy" mind
- Be more resilient
- Better function at their peak
- Pursue a competitive edge
- Students at any level of academics can benefit from:
- Improved abilities to study
- Absorb more of what is learned
- Better prepare for major exams
- Calm test-taking anxiety
- Adults of all ages who want to:
- Maximize their health quotient
- Improve their memory
- Balance their nervous system
- Improve their heart and lung function
- Improve their health as they age
- Biofeedback and neurofeedback has been successfully used by people of all ages, by executive and managerial-level business personnel, physicians, surgeons, pilots, airport control tower personnel, musicians, dancers, military personnel, elite athletes such as golfers, baseball players, football players, marksmen, speed skaters, volleyball players, soccer, track and field, gymnast, etc.
- Brain Change for Optimal Leadership
- Corporate Peak Performance
- Enhancing Neuroplasticity to Improve Peak Performance
- Optimizing Microsurgical Skills with EEG Neurofeedback
- Peak Performance Training Using Prefrontal EEG Biofeedback
- Performance Optimization Program for the Business Community: Combining Executive Coaching and Biofeedback
Can I continue to take my prescribed medications during training?
Yes, continue to take the medications you have been prescribed.
Be sure to let us know what prescriptions you are taking, what over-the-counter supplements you use and what, if any street drugs you may be using.
As you proceed through the training your medication needs may change at which time you will be encouraged to discuss modifying your dose with your physician.